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Aluminum Composite Panel Classification, Installation And Construction Methods

According to use to classify


a. Aluminum curtain wall panels

The upper and lower aluminum plate minimum thickness of not less than 0.50mm, the total thickness of not less than 4mm. Aluminum material should meet the requirements of GB / T 3880, the general series 3000, 5000 and so on aluminum plate, the coating should be fluorocarbon resin coating.


b. Exterior decoration and advertising with aluminum panels

Upper and lower aluminum plate with a thickness of not less than 0.20mm rust-proof aluminum, the total thickness of not less than 4mm. The coating is generally fluorocarbon coating or polyester coating.


c. indoor aluminum-plastic plate

Upper and lower aluminum generally use the thickness of 0.20mm, the minimum thickness of not less than 0.10mm aluminum, the total thickness is generally 3mm. The coating is polyester or acrylic.


According to the surface decoration to classify


a. Coating decorative aluminum plate

In the aluminum surface coated with a variety of decorative coating. Commonly used fluorocarbon, polyester, acrylic coating, including metallic, plain, pearl color, fluorescent color and other colors, with a decorative effect, is the market's most common species.


b. oxidation coloring aluminum-plastic panels

With anodized aluminum handle panel in time with rose red, bronze and other chic colors, played a special decorative effect.


c. Foil decorative composite board

That is, the color film according to the set process conditions, relying on the role of adhesive, so that the color coated film adhesive primer coated aluminum or directly attached to the degreased aluminum plate. The main varieties of posts, wood board and so on.


d. color printing aluminum plate

The different patterns through the advanced computerized photo-printing technology, the color ink on the transfer paper printed on a variety of imitation natural patterns, and then indirectly through the thermal transfer technology in the aluminum-plastic plate copy a variety of imitation natural patterns. To meet the designer's creative and personalized choice of the owners.


e. Brushed aluminum plastic panels

Brushed aluminum surface using the panel, the common is the drawing of brushed silver and silver products, giving people a different visual enjoyment.


f. Mirror aluminum plate

Aluminum alloy panel surface polished, like a mirror.


Dry hanging aluminum plate construction technology


① put the line work according to the actual construction of the centerline and elevation point; design of the facade of the building based on the axis of the aluminum-plastic panel frame composed of horizontal and vertical pieces, the first good vertical rod position line, and then Anchor points for vertical bars are defined.


②, the installation of fixed connectors On the basis of pay-off, with electric welding fixed connectors, rust-proof paint second place. The connecting piece is welded and fixed with the embedded parts on the main structure, and when the main structure is not embedded with the embedded iron piece, an expansion bolt and a connecting iron piece can be perforated on the main structure to be fixed.


③, the installation of skeleton welding method to install the skeleton, installation at any time check the elevation, the centerline position, and at the same time the cross-section weld to do anti-rust treatment, fixed connectors do hidden inspection records, including the weld length, thickness, Set the standard height, the number of embedded depth.


④, install the aluminum plate in the profile rack, the first milling screw hole bits, the rivets to the aluminum panel veneer block-by-block in the steel frame; the gap between the plate and the board is 10 ~ 15 mm and then injected silicone Weatherable sealant; aluminum packaging is strictly prohibited before dismantling the packaging paper, until the completion of the front ripped packaging protective film; according to the direction of aluminum-plastic arrow construction.


Dry hanging aluminum panels, the first to do wall base, angle steel, square tube, aluminum square tube, curtain wall special material. After finishing the foundation, according to the size of the panel to calculate the size, began to process the panel, professional said dish. First out of the substrate, the substrate length and width are plus 4cm, and then with a dedicated trimming machine in the back of the aluminum plate, 2cm at each side, repair the thickness of the aluminum plate 2 times the flange Seam, cut off the extra part of each corner, and then fold the edge over, must be at right angles, with 1.5 × 1 · 5 × 1 · 5cm aluminum seven corners fixed (drill with 4.2 drill bits, Rivet reinforcement). Now you can hang the plate, with fast nails and special pieces of aluminum plate fixed on the wall, leaving the appropriate glue seam, since the bottom can be linked.


It should be noted that: the framework should be flat, vertical, into a square, the size of the error is about 5mm. Aluminum plate plate to party, the direction should be consistent, the error control in 3mm or so. To glue from top to bottom, first filled with foam rods, and then plastic injection, with a flat knife flat, tear off the protective film.


In accordance with industry standards, the thickness of aluminum-plastic panels generally more than 3mm, 3mm aluminum-plastic aluminum thickness to 10 filaments (that is, 0.1mm) above, the indoor use of aluminum-plastic panel is generally 3mm, aluminum thickness 10, 15 Silk, silk and other common concentrations of 21.


Common aluminum plate aluminum thickness are as follows.

Façade materials, with 0.20 mm, 0.30 and 0.40 mm, and 0.50 mm these four. Of which 0.30 and 0.40 most common.

The material for the façade, with 0.15 and 0.12-0.10 mm thick aluminum structure of such a wide range.


Aluminum plate curtain wall installation


First, the installation of aluminum plate curtain wall column should meet the following requirements:

(1) The column should be connected with the connecting piece firstly, then the connecting piece should be connected with the embedded part of the main body again, and should be adjusted and fixed. Column elevation deviation should not be installed more than 3mm, before and after the axis deviation should not exceed 2mm, left or right deviation should not exceed 3mm.

(2) The elevation deviation of two adjacent columns should not be greater than 3mm. The maximum elevation deviation of the same column should not exceed 5mm, and the distance between two adjacent columns should not deviate more than 2mm.


Second, the installation of aluminum plate curtain wall beams should meet the following requirements:

(1) The connecting pieces and gaskets at both ends of the beam should be installed at the predetermined position of the column and should be installed firmly, the joints should be tight;

(2) The horizontal elevation deviation of two adjacent beams should not exceed 1mm. The same floor elevation deviation: When a wall width less than or equal to 35m, should not be greater than 5mm; when a curtain wall width greater than 35m, should not be greater than 7mm.


Third, the installation of aluminum-plastic curtain wall components should meet the following requirements:

(1) Should cross, vertical connection components for inspection, measurement, adjustment;

(2) about the components when installed, the deviation should not be greater than the upper and lower 1.5mm;

(3) When there is a gap installation, there must be waterproof measures, and there should be drainage holes according to the design requirements;

(4) When filled with silicone weathering adhesive, the width and thickness of the aluminum-plastic panel shall be constructed according to the technical parameters of the design and calculation.


Fourth, aluminum-plastic curtain wall vertical components and horizontal components of the assembly tolerances shall comply with the following table.

No. Item Size Range Tolerance check method

1 Distance between adjacent two vertical members (fixed end) ± 2.0 Steel tape measure

Two adjacent aluminum 20m below 20m ± 1.5 ± 2.0 with a ruler

2 Adjacent two transverse members Pitch Size Pitch <2000 Timing ≥2000 ± 1.5 ± 2.0 Steel tape measure

3 points diagonal difference diagonal length <2000 diagonal length ≥2000 when 3.03.5 steel tape or retractable ruler

4 vertical component verticality height ≤30m height ≤60m height ≤90m height> 90m when 10152025 with a theodolite or laser instrument

5 adjacent two horizontal members of the horizontal elevation difference 2 with steel ruler or spirit level

6 Horizontal member Horizontal member Length <2000 When the member length ≥2000 时 23 Level or level

7 vertical components straight 2.5 with 2.0m by foot

8 vertical components of the outer surface of the flatness of the adjacent three column width ≤ 20m width ≤ 40m width ≤ 60m width> 60m ≤ 2 ≤ 5 ≤ 7 ≤ 9 ≤ 10 with a laser instrument

9 with the main horizontal height of the horizontal length of length ≤ 35m length> 35m ≤ 5 ≤ 7 with a spirit level

10 Aluminum plate under the connecting plate horizontal angle allows tilt up not allowed to tilt down + 2.0-0 feeler

11 Aluminum plate connection bracket horizontal angle allows downward tilt +0-2.0


Fifth, aluminum plate curtain wall allowable deviation should be consistent with the following table.

Item allowable deviation mm inspection method

Vertical seam and vertical wall curtain wall height m 10 with a laser or theodolite

H≤30

> 30 H ≦ 60 15

> 60 H ≦ 90 20

> 90 25

Flatness 2.5 with 2m by foot, steel ruler

Vertical seam straightness 2.5 with 2m by foot, steel ruler

Horizontal joint 2.5 with 2m by foot, steel ruler

Width of seam (compared with design value) ± 2 Caliper

Two adjacent panels between the seam height difference of 1.0 with the depth of foot


Sixth, aluminum plate curtain wall installation and installation of the joint part of the rainwater leakage.


Seven, aluminum plate curtain wall construction and installation of hidden projects should be strictly according to the design drawings and

test.

(1) the installation of components and the main body of the node;

(2) the installation of clearance nodes between the inner surface of the curtain wall and the main structure around the curtain wall;

(3) installation of curtain wall expansion joint, settlement joint, anti-vibration joint and wall corner joint;

(4) installation of lightning protection nodes on the curtain wall;

(5) Fire isolation node installation;

(6) other hidden project node installation.


Eight, aluminum plate curtain wall components installed, the components and components of the gap between the application of silicone

Weatherable rubber seal, glue the surface to deal with the glue before cleaning, after the application, the glue seam surface should be smooth and flat.


Nine, aluminum plate curtain wall protection and cleaning.

(1) Curtain wall components, panels, etc. to develop appropriate protection measures. May not be deformed, discoloration, pollution and other phenomena;

(2) The adhesion of the curtain wall and the surface of its components that have an adverse effect during the construction should be promptly removed;

(3) After curtain wall installation is completed, a cleaning plan shall be drawn up and the surface shall be avoided for cleaning.

(4) cleaning aluminum-plastic curtain wall, the detergent should meet the requirements, shall not produce corrosion and pollution.